The battery is an electrically-chemical source of energy that releases the power of controlled power. A typical batteryis made of positive and negative plates (lead) that are soaked with electrolyte (sulfuric acid). When the consumer is connected to the battery, the electric current begins to flow through the electrolyte, supplying the consumer with electricity.
Battery manufacturers guarantee a definite time limit for perfect battery performance. The warranty lists of each manufacturer include tips and information on handling, battery installation,and maintenance. The charging voltage of the system in the vehicle must be between 14.2 and 14.4 V. In any variant whether charging is weaker or stronger, the battery may be damaged. Therefore, we advise you to regularly check the charging of auto-electric devices (especially in older vehicles), or at any of the battery service centers, and that you leave the battery charging and control to the service center.
If the level of the electrolyte in the battery is below the height of the plate in the cell, in the accumulators with an open system (plugs), distilled water is exclusively used, not acid, which can lead to permanent damage to the battery. If the battery gets discharged, it must be refilled within two days, as irreparable errors may occur. The electrolyte of the discharged battery freezes at a temperature of 0 c. Freezing permanently damages the battery. These are some of the service problems and answers to why do car batteries die.
Service problems that cause batteries to die:
The system of charging for newer generation vehicles only allows a small amount of current to passthrough the battery when fully charged. In the event of an issue in thealternator, alarge current will come to the battery while the vehicle is running. The high current will lead to an immediate consumption of water in the battery, which wouldlower the age of the battery itself, harming the grids. Black/brown on the bottom of the battery caps is the first sign that something is wrong with the charging system.
2) Deep emptying
The vehicle charging system keeps the battery always in ahigh charging state. If, for example, to leave a parked vehicle with the lights turned on, or to get some power out on the vehicle, the battery will discharge. Also, newer vehicles have additional consumers, for example, computer, air conditioning, alarm, music,etc., which even empty battery. Vehicle batteries are manufactured to complimentsometimes. However, they are not suitable for use where thedeep discharge occurs. Such an application requires a second type of battery, which has a uniquebuilt that allows them to deeply discharge in continuity. The constant deep discharge of the starting batteries for vehicles damages the battery by the fact that the positivematerial (paste) from the grid circulates and falls, reducing the conductivity of the boards to conduct the current. A more significant number of small spots in the electrolyte is the first indication that the battery is deeply discharged.
Sulphation is a process that occurs every time the battery gets discharged. During the charging process, the lead sulfate is converted into the active material again. If the batteryremains empty for a long time, the sulphurization gradually changes its shape and cannot be converted into the active material at the time of charging, so the battery cannotbe recharged to its original state-factory parameters.
4) Poor filling
Poor charging occurs when the battery does not get enough power to return to full charge. This condition gradually leads to sulfatization and occurs in vehicles that occasionally drive in short distances or in cases where the alternator is charged with a lower voltage than the permitted, from 13.6 to 13.8 V.
Companies strive to achieve a high level of positive recognition from their suppliers, distributors,and customers through their professional and responsible business. They offer various services, such as:
- battery diagnostics
- battery charging
- diagnosis of vehicle installation
- assembly and disassembly of batteries
- acid replacement and re-formation of the battery
- formation of motorcycle batteries
How to make sure your car batteries won’t die:
The lower the temperature, the battery is getting weaker, and it is necessary to change some habits if we do not want to issue it at the worst moment. It is the moment when the sun has not yet come out, the temperature is about ten degrees below zero, the wind is mercilessly erased, the rare drivers you meet do not have cables to ignite, and you have forgotten the mobile in another jacket.
So, check that the electrolyte completely covers the plates on time. If this is not the case, top up with distilled water. Today, many have advanced batteries that do not require maintenance throughout their lifetime, but even with them, it is sometimes necessary to drain water. Gel batteries also release the driver of this kind of care.
A nasty problem is making dirty or corroded clamps and battery poles. Therefore, they should be checked from time to time and, if necessary, removed and cleaned by sanding, wire brush or some sharp object. When performing this operation, first remove the clip from the negative, then from the positive pole, and return the first to the positive, thento the negative.
It also helps if they are greased with special grease or sprayed with a spray protection spray (can also be WD-40). Even if your battery does not cause any problems, perform periodic inspections, since clean contacts provide for its correct charging, which means it will take longer. Do not forget to plug the body mass – it must also be cleaned.
You can also check in the service station, where they can reliably test the voltage, current and electrolyte state. Be careful, however, for those who will, after a terrible diagnosis of battery conditions, they will offer you to buy a new one with “very favorable conditions.”
Full discharge of the battery should never be allowed, as it leaves severe consequences and drastically shortens its lifespan. Hope the above analysis answer the questions to:Why do car batteries die.